Pongal 2024: Date, History, Rituals, Celebration and Significance

pongal timing 2024 tamilnadu|pongal vaikum neram 2024 in tamil:The festival of Pongal will begin on January 15 and end on January 18, 2024. It is celebrated for four days in Tamil Nadu and is significant for Tamilians. This month, known as Thai month, is considered auspicious for various religious and spiritual endeavors, as well as engagements and marriages.

Pongal 2024: The harvest festival of Pongal is primarily observed in Tamil Nadu. Pongal will be observed this year from January 15 to January 18. The celebration commemorates the Sun’s entry into the sign of Capricorn. It also represents the end of winter.

Pongal 2024

Pongal is regarded as one of the most important festivals in South India especially celebrated in Tamil Nadu. In northern region of India, it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti. It occurs in the winter, according to the Hindu calendar, when the sun sets on the southernmost point of the hemisphere and begins its journey back to the northern one. The festival of Pongal is celebrated for four day so it will begin on January 15 and ends on January 18, 2024.

In the southern part of the country, Pongal is celebrated to herald the start of the harvest season. The festival commemorates the Sun’s entry into the zodiac sign of Capricorn. Furthermore, it also represents the end of the winter season. This year, the Pongal festival will be observed from 15th to 18th January 2024. Let us check out other significant details about the festival further. 

Pongal 2024: Significance

For Tamilians, Pongal festivities are very important. Tamil Nadu residents firmly think that this month, which is known as Thai month, brings about beneficial changes in their lives and helps them overcome their issues. This is the time of year when rice, sugarcane, and turmeric are harvested. This month is seen to be fortunate for engagements, marriages, and all other religious and spiritual endeavours.

Pongal 2024: Story

Hindu mythology states that Lord Shiva sent his bull, Nandi, to earth to request that the mortal be given an oil massage and bath every day, as well as a meal once a month. However, Nandi advised everyone to eat every day and take an oil bath once a month. Lord Shiva became enraged at this and condemned Nandi to spend eternity on Earth. His primary responsibilities will be to plough fields and assist people in producing more food. As a result, nowadays is associated with cattle and crop harvesting for fresh produce

Pongal 2024: Date And Time 

Bhogi Pongal will kick off the four-day festivity on January 15. January 16 is Surya Pongal the following day. On January 17, people celebrate Mattu Pongal, and on January 18, people celebrate Kaanum Pongal, the last day. On Monday, January 15, the sunrise is at 7:14 AM, while on Bhogi Pongal, the sunset is at 5:57 AM. On the first day, the Sankranti muhurat will start at 2:45 AM. 

– Pongal Day 1, 15th January 2024 (Bhogi Pongal) – Bhogi Pongal, the first day of the festival, falls on the last day of the Tamil month of Margazhi. People buy new goods and burn undesired, outdated household things on this day. 

– Pongal Day 2, 16th January 2024 (Surya/Perum Pongal) – People worship the Sun God and his consorts, Chaya and Samgnya, on the second day, which is the main celebration day. It is also the first day of the Tamil month of Tai. Kolams, drawings made with red clay and rice flour, are used by people to adorn their homes on this day.

– Pongal Day 3, 17th January 2024 (Mattu Pongal) – The name Mattu Pongal, which translates to “cattle,” refers to the third day. Cattle are revered on this day because it is thought that they will provide a bountiful harvest. The cattle’s horns are painted, and they are also adorned with floral garlands. 

– Pongal Day 4, 18th January 2024 (Kanum Pongal) – The event culminates with the celebration of Kanum Pongal. On this occasion, people visit friends and relatives, exchange gifts, indulge in dancing, and hold competitions to tame bulls. 

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Pongal 2024: Legends Surrounding This Harvest Festival 

Numerous tales are connected to the celebration of the Pongal festival:

One is the story of how, on the first day of Pongal i.e. Bhogi, Lord Krishna raised the Govardhan Mountain with his little finger to save people and livestock from the fury of Lord Indra. Another tells of Lord Shiva’s miracle of making an image of an elephant made of stone devouring a piece of sugarcane.

The other one is about Nandi, the bull of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva sent his bull Nandi on the third day of Pongal to instruct people to eat once a month and take an oil bath every day. Nandi advised people to take a monthly bath and eat every day. Pongal evolved into a harvest celebration when the enraged Lord Shiva sent Nandi to Earth to assist people in harvesting more food.

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